Common Types Of Alzheimer’s Disease

According to Alzheimer’s Association, more than 6 million Americans are living with Alzheimer’s, and it’s estimated to grow to 13 million over the next 30-years.

For adults with older parents, the thought of Alzheimer’s disease is frightening. Seniors who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease may have difficulty in a variety of areas – everything from memory loss, to disorientation to time or place.

Seniors 65+ who are been diagnosed with having Alzheimer’s should seek nursing homes that specialize in memory care and dementia. Also pay attention to a nursing home’s staff-to-resident ratio (preferably a ratio of 6-to-1 or better).

Medicare covers inpatient hospital care and some of the medical costs for people 65+ with Alzheimer’s or dementia [1].

Below are the 3 common types of of Alzheimer’s disease.

#1. Early Onset Alzheimer’s

Occurring in 10% of seniors with Alzheimer’s disease, the early onset variety begins before the age of 65. It is generally linked with a chromosomal defect that is likely genetic.

Some of the symptoms include:

  • Memory loss
  • Sporadic confusion with time or place
  • Difficulty completing familiar tasks

Research shows that a myoclonus tremor is also linked to early onset Alzheimer’s – people affected will experience uncontrolled twitching or muscle spasms.

#2. Late Onset Alzheimer’s

Late onset Alzheimer’s is by far the most common type of Alzheimer’s disease, accounting for approximately 90% of Alzheimer’s sufferers. It is not yet known if late onset Alzheimer’s has a genetic component. The only common factor is that all are over 65.

Late onset Alzheimer’s symptoms include:

  • Memory loss that disrupts daily life
  • Confusion with time or place
  • Difficulty completing basic tasks at home or work

It’s estimated that 50% of people over the age of 85 have some degree of Alzheimer’s disease. This will place many others into the role of caregiver or decision maker at some point in their lives.

Late onset Alzheimer’s is often attributed to certain lifestyle choices such as a poor diet, smoking, and a buildup of toxins over a lifetime. While leading a healthy lifestyle is no guarantee that you a person won’t have Alzheimer’s, there are foods that can help prevent it.

Foods to prevent Alzheimer’s disease [2]

  • Green vegetables (spinich, kale, collard greens)
  • Berries (blueberries, cherries, raspberries, etc.)
  • Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, brussel sprouts, cauliflower)
  • Seeds (pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds)
  • Nuts (almonds, cashews, pecans, walnuts)
  • Omega-3s (salmon, tuna, olive oil)
  • Spices (cinnamon, sage, cumin)

Familial Alzheimer’s

The rarest form of Alzheimer’s is familial Alzheimer’s disease. It’s only seen in 25% of the Alzheimer’s population [3].

Familial Alzheimer’s almost always shows beginning signs early in a person’s life, often in one’s forties and fifties, and sometimes even as young as in one’s thirties.

Familial Alzheimer’s disease is genetic – it’s caused by a defect in one of three different chromosomes. People usually show symptoms well before the age of 65, and as early as their 30s or 40s.

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